Trastornos por estrés debido a la cuarentena durante la pandemia por la COVID-19

Autores/as

  • Candy Palomino-Oré Instituto Nacional de Salud Mental Honorio Delgado – Hideyo Noguchi, Departamento de Investigación, Docencia y Atención Especializada de Niños y Adolescentes. Lima, Perú. http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3576-8234
  • Jeff Huarcaya-Victoria Universidad de San Martín de Porres, Facultad de Medicina, Centro de Investigación en Salud Pública. Lima, Perú http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4525-9545

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24265/horizmed.2020.v20n4.10

Palabras clave:

Infecciones por coronavirus , Pandemias , Personal de salud , población , cuarentena

Resumen

La pandemia actual por la COVID-19 presenta ciertas características que podrían incrementar los niveles de reacción al estrés tanto en la población en general como en los trabajadores de salud. Las personas que se encuentran en cuarentena son particularmente vulnerables a complicaciones neuropsiquiátricas debido al distanciamiento gradual, por lo que es más probable que aparezcan trastornos como la depresión y la ansiedad. Se sabe que, en el contexto de otros desastres, el trastorno por estrés postraumático (TEPT) puede aparecer hasta en el 30-40 % de todas las personas afectadas. El objetivo de este artículo es realizar una revisión narrativa de las consecuencias estresantes en la salud mental producidas por la cuarentena durante las epidemias y pandemias pasadas y lo que ocurre actualmente en la pandemia por la COVID-19.

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Publicado

2020-12-29

Cómo citar

Palomino-Oré, C. ., & Huarcaya-Victoria, . J. . (2020). Trastornos por estrés debido a la cuarentena durante la pandemia por la COVID-19. Horizonte Médico (Lima), 20(4), e1218. https://doi.org/10.24265/horizmed.2020.v20n4.10

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Artículos de revisión