Presencia de SARS-COV-2 en semen de hombres con COVID-19: revisión sistemática

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24265/horizmed.2021.v21n4.13

Palabras clave:

Semen, Infecciones por Coronavirus, Análisis de Semen

Resumen

La pandemia de la COVID-19 ha causado un impacto aún desconocido en la salud reproductiva masculina. Por ello, el objetivo de esta revisión fue recolectar evidencia para descubrir si el agente causante de la COVID-19 puede encontrarse en el semen. La búsqueda se realizó en las bases de datos PubMed, BVS y Google Scholar, e incluyó los artículos que mostraban los resultados del análisis de semen realizado para encontrar el virus SARS-CoV-2 en hombres diagnosticados con COVID-19. Once estudios fueron seleccionados para esta revisión que aportaron 296 muestras. De ellas, solo el 2,70 % fueron positivas. Además, se encontraron resultados mixtos respecto a la morfología de los espermatozoides, y también pacientes con azoospermia u oligospermia. Este último hallazgo podría ser consecuencia del elevado número de receptores de la enzima convertidora de angiotensina 2 (ECA 2) que existen en los testículos, lo que hace a estos órganos un blanco del virus SARS-CoV-2. Se concluye que debido al limitado número de estudios y muestras aún no es posible responder la pregunta de estudio planteada.

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Publicado

2021-12-11

Cómo citar

Zulema Zeñas, G. . (2021). Presencia de SARS-COV-2 en semen de hombres con COVID-19: revisión sistemática . Horizonte Médico (Lima), 21(4), e1390. https://doi.org/10.24265/horizmed.2021.v21n4.13

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Artículos de revisión